To Home Page of PHI website to PHI's Secure Shopping Cart
PHI's Information for Health Professionals
About PHI Education Advocacy Research Networking to How to Donate to Membership Application

For Health Professionals

Educational resources for health professionals.


Basic information brochure from PHI ...

Remember POLIO? Have you heard about the LATE EFFECTS OF POLIO?

For Polio Survivors
For Families and Friends
For Health Professionals


This introduction to information about the late effects of polio, is available as an attractive printed, 4-part brochure. First copy is free; 100 brochures are available for $40; 50 brochures for $20; 25 brochures for $10. Postage not included. Contact

For Physical Therapists and Physical Therapist Assistants

The following four articles were prepared by Marianne T. Weiss, PT, who dedicated many hours of work treating polio survivors and educating fellow physical therapists about the late effects of polio. PHI publishes this part of her comprehensive work to assure that her efforts continue past her much-too-early passing in 2002.

Physical Therapy Examination and Treatment of the Polio Survivor (pdf)
Presentation for Physical Therapists and Physical Therapist Assistants at Post-Polio Health International's Eighth International and Independent Living Conference, June 2000

Positioning for Comfort during Work, Leisure Activities and Rest (pdf)
Practical advice for daily living activities.

Becoming an Intelligent Consumer of Physical Therapy Services

Leslie Drawdy, PT, DPT, from the Tucson area, shares her Physical Therapy — Tips for Successful Treatment of Clients with other physical therapists. Drawdy has seven years of experience as a physical therapist. She also serves on the medical advisory board of Polio Epic (Tucson ). She may be reached at

Donald A. Neumann, PT, PhD, wrote the following article which was originally published in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy.

Polio: Its Impact on the People of the United States and the Emerging Profession of Physical Therapy (pdf)
Reproduced from Neumann DA. Polio: Its Impact on the People of the United States and the Emerging Profession of Physical Therapy, J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2004; 34(8) 479-492, with permission of the Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association.

For Nurses

It is interesting to note that much is written about the need to educate physicians, physical therapists and occupational therapists, and even psychologists, but nurses are not typically mentioned, but should be. Resources are listed below.

RNWEB®, part of RN®, featured "Polio patients take a second hit" by Vanessa C. Kramasz, PR, MSN, APRN, in its November 2005 edition.

RN® serves registered nurses in various specialties, primarily those working in hospital-affiliated facilities. Roughly 80 percent of the editorial matter is clinical. A heavy emphasis on practical application of current deveopments is solidly grounded in pathophysiology. Legal issues, ethical questions and career development are among the non-clinical topics covered. Four continuing education tests are offered in every issue.

"Polio patients take a second hit" is approved for 1.0 contact hour of ANCC credit and AACN Category A credit.


A Statement about Exercise for Survivors of Polio
Written by the Medical Advisory Committee of Post-Polio Health International and endorsed by 29 post-polio experts. For additional information, read Articles about Exercise for Polio Survivors, collected from past issues of Post-Polio Health.


Summary of Anesthesia Issues for Post-Polio Patients   FRENCH   SPANISH
Selma H. Calmes, MD, Olive View/UCLA Medical Center, provides cautionary advice for polio survivors.

Anesthesia Update: Separating Fact from Fear
Selma Harrison Calmes, MD

"Postpolio Syndrome and Anesthesia"
David A. Lambert, MD; Elenis Giannouli, MD; & Brian J. Schmidt, MD, The University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. (Read the article in September 2005 issue of Anesthesiology, Vol. 103, No. 3, pp 638-644.)
Survivors of last century's polio epidemics now entering their fifth to seventh decades of life are presenting for surgery more often. Some of these patients may have postpolio syndrome. This article reviews polio, postpolio syndrome and anesthetic considerations for this patient population..

Other Resources

Post-Polio Syndrome: Identifying Best Practices in Diagnosis & Care
Information from March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation's International Conference on Post-Polio Syndrome (1999) for health professionals. Send your name and mailing address for a free printed copy in English to PHI (

Reports from Post-Polio Task Force (1997)
A task force of clinicians and researchers who specialized in diagnosing and treating polio survivors with symptoms of post-polio syndrome, as well as patient advocates for survivors of polio, was formed to help promote awareness and advance medical knowledge of the late effects of polio. Although disbanded in 1999 because the research was concluded, the information that was developed for this section of the PHI website remains relevant to this date.

Medical/Clinical Publications about Post-Polio Syndrome and Other Post-Polio Problems

Back to top